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Control Burns at Savannah NWR

Wednesday, October 15, 2014 5:32 PM | Rick Shields (Administrator)

The US Fish & Wildlife Service staff plan to conduct several control burns during the coming fall and winter months on the Savannah NWR.  The goal of control burning is to enhance wildlife habitat and reduce the risk of wildfires on the Refuge.


The 2015 Annual Prescribed Fire Plan includes 3,157 acres targeted for burning during the next six months.  Most of the units involve burning wetland impoundments to open up and provide quality habitat prior to the arrival of wintering waterfowl.  Burns are timed so they minimize impacts on wildlife and people.  Units are burned in small blocks to reduce smoke impacts.

The burn plan addresses a wide range of factors such as safety, weather, fuel conditions, smoke impacts, and also resources needed to conduct the burns. These burn treatments restore the grassland areas, control brush in pine forests, control invasive woody vegetation, and increase the diversity of native plants and wildlife. Other benefits include protection of communities and watersheds by reducing fuels and thus the potential threats of a wildfire.


Control burns are planned and carried out by trained firefighters operating under strict weather parameters, as set forth in the prescriptions (burn plan).  These plans spell out the number of qualified firefighters, and types and number of equipment that must be present to burn.  The weather conditions, including wind speed and direction, humidity, fuel moisture, and other factors described in the plan must be within a prescribed range.  If the weather conditions don’t match the prescription, the fire is not started.  Smoke from the fires is a concern, and plans call for specific winds to minimize public impact on roads and communities.


Plans include burning around the refuge Visitor Center this year.  Fire breaks have been constructed to keep the fire in small manageable blocks to minimize any problems with smoke along highway 17 and around neighboring residences.

Control burns have been conducted for many years at Savannah National Wildlife Refuge, and are considered an important tool for managing wildlife habitat and reducing the risk of serious wildfires.  Due to difficulties in predicting weather, the refuge is not able to notify the public of the exact day the burn will be conducted.  Landowners adjacent to the burn areas and local fire departments are notified prior to igniting the fire.  Questions about the control burns can be answered by calling the Refuge office at (843) 784-2468.


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